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What is the EUR district?
Esposizione Universale di Roma
In 1930’s Rome was chosen to host the 1942 world fair. Benito Mussolini planned to celebrate 20 years in government by building a colossal project to showcase to the world the genius of the Italian Civilization.
The area, where today sits the EUR neighborhood, was chosen to unite this new Rome to the old Imperial Rome, which extended from the Caracalla Baths toward the Mediterranean Sea.
Important architects at the time, like Pagano, Vietti, Minnucci, Gerrini e Piccinato decided on a monumental and rational style evoking the ancient Roman Empire.
An arch with water and light of colossal dimensions was to become the symbol of the new Rome, but was never built.
The Palazzo della Civilità Italiana, also known as the Square Coloseum became then then symbol of the neighborhood.
The preparations and construction for the Expo (Esposizione Universale di Roma 42) was interrupted by the Second World War and never took place.
After many years of abandonment in the 50’s the construction was picked up to create a business district in the capital city and by the 1960 Rome Summer Olympic Games many of the previously planned structures where built, including many houses and the Palazzo dello Sport, Piscina delle Rose and Velodrome.
Today the expansion continues, with the construction of the new Congress Center known as The Cloud (La nuvola), making the EUR an ever-changing part of Rome.